Different Types of Internal Computer Hardware and How They Work – PC Hardware Tutorial for Beginners

Internal Computer hardware allows a computer to operate and carry out tasks requested by a user. A computers hardware configuration also determines how fast a computer can carry out those operations. Computer hardware is important to understand in general but also important if building a PC, Fixing a hardware part, or deciding on which PC or even mobile phone to purchase, Since a lot of smartphones and computers have similar hardware. Each peace of hardware has an essential function which allows the PC to operate. This list only includes internal hardware and does not include external parts such as a mouse, keyboard, monitor, and other devices.

         Random Access Memory (RAM)

Computer RAM

Random Access Memory (RAM) is memory that a PC or other device such as a smartphone uses when it needs to access data such as opening a web browser or file. The bigger the activity the more RAM the computer usually needs. If a user needs to have a lot of programs open at once or needs a computer for something such as video editing then a computer with more RAM is needed such as 4GB to 8GB or even more in some cases. If there is not enough RAM and multiple programs are opened the computer will slow to a halt and freeze which would possibly need a hard reset to correct. A lot of computers can support additional RAM just check the system specifications and make sure you get the correct RAM type since there are different versions.

          Central Processing Unit (CPU)

Computer CPU

The central processing unit (CPU) is the core of the computer that processes the tasks and operations that are performed. There are different versions of processors suitable for different levels of activity. For example for fast a video loads or how fast a program opens has a lot to do with how fast the processor is.

                  Graphics Card (GPU)

Computer graphics card

A Grpahics Card (GPU) is a peace of hardware that allows the computer to display graphics. Depending on the quality of the graphics card and computer the resolution, frame rate, etc, can differ significantly. High end computer graphics cards are often used for gaming. Often on low end computer, The GPU is built in and not a separate device. When building a PC it is important that you get the correct graphics card that the motherboard and rest of hardware can handle.

                   Power Supply (PSU)

Computer power supply(PSU)

The Power Supply (PSU) is a simple but important peace of hardware. As the name implies a Power Supply supplies power to a compute. When replacing a power supply or building a PC it is always important to get the correct voltage and connections.

                        Motherboard

Computer Motherboard

The motherboard is a peace of hardware that supports and gives power to all other peaces of hardware. If somebody want;s to build a PC there are many different sized motherboards to choose from. Each having a similar or different amount of ports and connections. Just like with other parts it is important to get the correct type of motherboard.

                       Computer Case

Computer Case

It may seem like just a case but depending on the size and build structure it can support a limited number of motherboards or a more extensive range of motherboards that you can choose from. Certain cases have light functions and more expensive cases also have different kinds of cooling features. The case is usually the first computer part that people consider when building a PC.

               Hard Disk Drive (HDD)

Hard Disk Drive (HDD)

The Hard Disk Drive was first introduced by IBM in 1956. The Hard Disk Drive (HDD) acts sort of like a memory card that stores data. This includes the operating system itself, programs, files, pictures, documents and anything that requires long term storage in order to be accessed again. It is always important to back up important data to another device (1 USB stick or more) or cloud (internet storage service) just in case a Hard Drive fails over time.

              Solid State Drive (SSD)

Solid State Drive (SSD)

A Solid State Drive (SSD) does the same kind of job as a Hard Disk Drive. An SSS has no moving parts which allows quicker load times and device longevity. Most newer devices come standard with a Solid State Drive. Even though an SSD lasts longer than a standard Hard Drive it is still very important to back up any valuable data.

             Optical Disk Drive (ODD)

Optical Disk Drive.jpg

An Optical Disk Drive is a device that loads and plays media such as Blu-Rays, CDs, and DVDs. Some computer such as laptops may not come with a Optical Disk Drive built in but you can always buy an external one if needed.

 

All of the functions of these parts are easy to understand but still important to know.

 

Best PS4 Games of All Time Worth Playing Right Now – Top 15 PS4 Games

These are the top 15 PS4 games throughout the years that are worth buying and playing. This top 15 PS4 games list includes some collection sets, remastered games, and reboots. This list has PS4 games that would be expected but may exclude games that some people think should have been included. Some people may think a remastered game all the way from GameCube, PS2, or PS3 will not count but to give the list more substance and because they are high quality games, they are included. This list is in no particular order. All of these PS4 games are considered good enough for this list.

 

          Resident Evil 2 Remake (2019)

Resident Evil 2

The original Resident Evil 2 is regarded by many as the best game in the Resident Evil series. People have been waiting years for updates on the remake of Resident Evil 2. The development team finally got the go and people were finally about to get a remake of one of the best games. The results turned out pretty good and most people were satisfied. They did a lot of things right compared to anything that was off. It’s still safe to say this was a successful remake which is why it deserves to be on the list.

                        Resident Evil 4

Resident Evil 4

For a lot of people Resident Evil 4 needs no introduction. It was a game released in 2005 for the GameCube. It won game of the year awards and since then has had a lot of influence on other titles. It was released for the GameCube, WI, PC, PS2, PS3, and now PS4. They even had a version that was released for mobile phones which of course was not the same but still cool to see. Leon is a special agent who is assigned to rescue the presidents daughter (by himself with a handgun) from an evil cult who wants world domination. Aside from the obvious joke, if you’ve never played the game and decide to, you may find out why Leon Scott Kennedy can do it all by himself. There are a lot of fans from the earlier Resident Evils who weren’t so happy about the turn that Resident Evil 4 took, which used an over the shoulder camera angle and mixed the horror with more action.

                        Resident Evil 5

Resident Evil 5

After Resident Evil 4, Resident Evil 5 went even more into the direction of being an action based game and not horror. With that said, they still did a good job including iconic characters from the Resident Evil series including Albert Wesker who is said to be the best version of Wesker from the series. Some may have their opinion but Resident Evil 5 is still considered a hit with a solid story and game play which is why it makes this list. Unfortunately anything past Resident Evil 5 did not make this list. This doesn’t mean they are bad games they just don’t have as much substance that I would like for this list.

             Devil May Cry HD Collection

Devil May Cry HD Collection

The Devil May Cry games are some of the best games released for PS2 (minus the second one unfortunately). The collection set was released for PS3 and is now available for PS4. Dante is a demon hunter and throughout the games, has to face different kinds of threats including his brother Virgil from Devil May Cry 3. It is interesting to note that Devil May Cry and Resident Evil 4 were more or less the same game in early stages of development until Devil May Cry was created and expanded as a separate game.

                       Devil May Cry 5

Devil May Cry 5 Dante Nero and Virgil

Devil May Cry 5 includes Dante, Virgil, and Nero together for the first time. The game has good reviews and is a well made game. It takes place 5 years after the events of Devil May Cry 4. Dante, Virgil, and Nero must stop a powerful demon king named Urizen. The gameplay and graphics are some of the best that Devil May Cry has to offer.

                Monster Hunter: World

Monster Hunter: World

Monster Hunter as the name implies is a game about hunting monsters in different kinds of open worlds. It doesn’t really focus on much of a story as it does a setting, gameplay, and activities. Monster hunter is the best selling Capcom game to date. Resident Evil 5 used to hold that title until monster Hunter surpassed Resident Evil 5 with the amount of copies sold. Monster hunter definitely makes this list and it recommended. A lot of people think monster hunter is great but there are those who may not find it as appealing since it somewhat lacks an in depth story. Feel free to look up scenes and gameplay online before thinking about buying the game.

                           Bloodborne

Bloodbourne

Bloodborne is a third person action role playing game with some elements of horror included. A lot of people say that Resident Evil 4 and mostly Dark Souls influenced the maps and graphic design which is the case with other games also. Bloodbourne takes place in a Victorian Era city named Yharnam. You play as a hunter who tracks down the source of the bloodbourne disease while fighting a lot of different enemies such as massive bosses.

              The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt

The witcher 3: Wild hunt

The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt is an open world third person game with an intriguing story. The Witcher 3 is based of The Witcher book series. You play as a monster slayer named Geralt of Rivia who is searching for his adopted daughter. The Wild Hunt forces seek to capture her and use her powers and it is up to the monster slayer to stop them.

             Grand Theft Auto 5

Grand Theft Auto 5

Grand Theft Auto 5 first came out for the PS3. It has since then been remastered and is one of the best selling games ever made. They are still to this day updating the online content. At this time nothing is official for GTA 6 despite supposed leaks and rumors which are mostly created due to the anticipation of GTA 6. GTA 5 allows you to switch between 3 different characters named Michael, Trevor, and Franklin.

                Red Dead Redemption 2

Read Dead Redemption 2

While the first Red Dead Redemption was released for PS3, The second was released for PS4. For the small group of people who don’t know, Rock star is the development team behind Red Dead Redemption. Rock star is the same team who made all of the Grand Theft Autos and more. You play as an outlaw named Author Morgan who is a member of the Van Der Linde. The game follows the main enemy of Red Dead Redemption, John Marston.

                   Marvel’s Spiderman

Marvels Spiderman

Marvel’s Spiderman exclusive was well received by audiences. It is an open world game which does a good job of re creating New York City. Marvel’s Spiderman is inspired by the comic books where Mister negative seeks to control New York City’s underworld.

                         God of War 3

God of War 3

Unfortunately God of War 1 and 2 are only on PS now and a full collection set for PS4 was never made. God of War 3 was the only game remastered for the PS4 but because it was such a good iconic game at the time it makes this list. Kratos the ghost of Sparta takes revenge and hunts down all of the Gods and well, you can imagine what happens from there.

                           God of War

God of War

This is the new God of War which had a lot of good reviews. Kratos and his Son Artemis go on a journey throughout the Norse land. God of war is praised for one of the best games for PS4 and the second one is highly anticipated.

                        The Last Of Us

The Last Of Us

The last of us is a post apocalyptic kind of game where you play as the main character named Joel. The Last Of Us was remastered for the PS4. It is from the same group that makes Uncharted. The Last Of Us part 2 is currently being worked on and is going to be released on May 29th 2020.

             Uncharted 4: A Thief’s End

Uncharted 4

Uncharted 4 is the first Uncharted title released for PS4 not including the prior 3 remastered for PS4 (gameplay and graphics made using PS4 hardware). It definitely holds up and is just as impressive as the prior 3 for most. Uncharted 4: A thief’s end takes place 3 years later after drakes deception. Drake reunites with Samuel to find Captain Henry Avery’s legendary pirate treasure.

 

 

Of course everybody has their opinions and likes different kinds of games so with that said if you aren’t completely familiar with any of these titles feel free to look up gameplay and other reviews of the game.

 

 

Computer Networking Guide For Beginners – Networking Basics and Fundamentals

Networking is how information between two or more connections is exchanged. For example the The WiFi internet that you use at home is a local area network (LAN) which allows information to be sent over the internet. This networking guide is for beginners which covers networking basics and fundamentals.

Computer networking

Client 

A client is a device that requests information from a server such as a web server. A client can be a host but is not a server, it is only a device such as a computer.

Server

A server such as a web server sends information to a client that requests it. A server is not a client.

Host

A host is any device or node on a network such as a server or a device.

Local Area Network (LAN)

As stated above, a LAN is a local area network such as the WiFi connection in your home or the WiFi connection at a coffee shop. This kind of network is limited to only a certain area.

Wide Area Network (WAN)

A wide area network covers a lot more distance. For example the internet itself is a WAN which is world wide. A mobile phone service network is also a WAN.

HUB

A hub is like an older outdated version of the switch. When data was sent from a computer it would be sent to all other computers on the network instead of sending it to one specific computer. Hubs are for the most part not used anymore.

Switch

A switch is a device that is often built into a router that allows the router to send data to specific devices. The switch is similar to a hub but is a lot smarter in how it sends data to devices.

Router

A router is considered the gateway to the internet which allows your devices to connect through WiFi or Ethernet ports. This is the device that will be in a lot of peoples homes who have internet.

Wireless Access Point (WAP)

A wireless access point is a device that is often integrated into a router which allows WiFi devices to connect to the network. You can consider it the technical name for WiFi. It can also be a separate device which can be referred to as a WiFi extender.

IP Address

A computer uses an IP address so that information on the internet knows where to be sent. IP addresses are similar to house addresses but usually not as specific and only give a general location.

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol assigns IP addresses to devices that allow them to to connect to the internet. Most IP addresses will remain the same for a while but it depends on the Internet Service Provider (ISP).

Media Access Control Address (MAC Address)

A MAC address is the physical address of a device which is used to send data from the internet to the specific device unlike the IP address which is used to transfer data from one connection to another. Another difference is that a MAC address is assigned at the time the device was manufactured unlike an IP address which is a dynamic address assigned when you connect to the internet.

Firewall 

A firewall is a layer between a device and the internet which filters incoming and outgoing traffic. Firewalls are a big part of online security and can also be adjusted to only allow certain data to be received.

Port

Ports are part of a firewall which allow different types of data to be received or rejected. 0 to 1,023 are the most commonly used ports even though there is a total of 65,535 for both TCP and UDP. TCP and UDP are basically two different types of connections that are used depending on what kind of data is being sent.

Ethernet 

Ethernet is the wiring that is used between devices such as routers, switches, and modems on a local area network (LAN). A cable that connects a device to the internet using a switch usually installed within a router is an Ethernet cable.

 

All of this is important to know if you want to advance within networking. More posts will be coming soon. Also check out how to protect yourself online https://thebloggingpot.com/2018/02/14/how-to-protect-yourself-online/ and the different types of malware and what they are used for https://thebloggingpot.com/2018/02/21/malware-trojans-and-viruses/