Which Programming Language is the Best to Learn? Introduction Guide for Beginners

Programming languages are used to create operating systems and other programs like applications on phones. There are many different programming languages such as C, C ++, python, ruby, and a lot more. Each have their own specific purpose while a few can accomplish the same task. There is no clear answer as to which programming language is the best to learn but more so as to which one can accomplish the most and which ones are the most sought after by employers. It all depends on what you want to do. Here we are going to look at the different types of programming languages and what they are used for. Only the most well known, most applicable programming languages will be listed.


HTML stands for hypertext markup language. It is a static markup language used to create websites. A web browser takes the HTML documents from web servers or local storage and turns them into multimedia web pages. This markup Language can be used to build a website There are many websites and programs that can also be used to build websites just like they would be built using HTML, However Learning HTML, CSS, and JavaScript is usually a must since website builders are sometimes limited.


CSS stands for cascading style sheets. It is used to design webpages. For example CSS can change colors of text, increase font size, align text, and a lot more.


JavaScript is used for creating websites with functionality such as the weather being displayed on a home page or a button that you click on after you enter your email address which could sign you up for an email newsletter. JavaScript can also also be used to develop Web browser based games.


SQL is not a really a stand alone programming language. It is mostly used to communicate and obtain information from databases. This should be learned after other programming languages are studied since some people consider it learning backwards if studied first.  At the same time there is nothing wrong with learning how SQL works first as long as you realize other languages should be used before in order to make SQL easier to deal with.


PHP is a server side scripting language designed primarily for website development but can also be used as a general purpose language. Created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994. A lot of websites are powered by PHP. It is relatively easy to learn but is somewhat limited to only website design.


C is a general purpose programming language designed by Denis Ritchie in 1972. It supports structured programming, lexical variable scope, and recursion.


C++ is a general purpose programming language. It has imperative, object oriented and generic programming features. It also provides facilities for low level memory manipulation.

Objective C

Objective C is a general purpose, object orientated programming language


C# is a high level general purpose programming language originally designed by Microsoft. Used for developing apps on the Microsoft platform.


A widely used high level general purpose programming language. High level means that it’s easier to read then other languages. It allows programming to express concepts in fewer lines of code then other languages. Python is probably the highest level programming language. In a lot of people’s opinions, this is the best programming language to learn because it can do a lot, it is widely used, and it is sought after by employers and relatively easier to learn then other programming languages.


A dynamic, reflective, object orientated, general purpose programming language, designed and developed in the mid 1990s by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in Japan. Ruby is a well known programming language which is also popular with employers. It is meant to be relatively easy to use which makes it a high level programming language. It is similar to Python but is a little less forgiving. Even though it is a high level programming language it is slightly more advanced than python but that doesn’t mean that a beginner can’t attempt to learn it.


A powerful language designed for MAC OS, iOS, and other Apple devices. This is a easy to use high level programming language. If you are interested in becoming an iOS developer than Swift can be the first programming language you learn.


A popular general purpose programming language. It is derived from C and C++ but has fewer low-level facilities. Originally developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems but is now acquired by Oracle corporation. Java may sound like it’s related to JavaScript but the two have nothing to do with each other. It is almost like car and carpet. Java used to be very popular until Python and Ruby surpassed it. It is still somewhat popular but Python is suggested as a better language to learn. However if you strictly want to be an Android developer then Java can be learned.


So If you’re interested in web design then HTML and CSS is where you would start followed by JavaScript and PHP which is more in depth then HTML and CSS. If your interested in programming or want to learn a programming language for other purposes then Python is an amazing place to start. It is a language a hefty amount of employers seek and it can also accomplish a lot. It all depends on what you want to do but in general python is probably the best language to learn. As always suggested, feel free to look up more info about programming languages to get an even better idea of what you want to do.

Author: Craig Perez

I post about technology and other topics.

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